Cardiovascular Conditions

Primary Care Medicine & General Internal Medicine located in Boca Raton, FL

Cardiovascular Conditions services offered in Boca Raton, FL

What are cardiovascular conditions?

Cardiovascular conditions affect your heart and vascular system. Symptoms may be subtle at first, but once these conditions develop, they can diminish your health and shorten your lifespan. 

Early intervention is essential to prevent complications from cardiovascular disease. Dr. Lopez provides individualized care for cardiovascular conditions and even offers house calls for patients who aren’t well enough to visit his office.

Are there different types of cardiovascular conditions?

Dr. Lopez diagnoses and treats multiple cardiovascular conditions, such as:

Coronary artery disease (CAD)

This is the most common type of heart disease. It occurs when plaque, a fatty substance, accumulates in your blood and clings to your artery walls. Plaque restricts blood flow to the heart, which can increase your risk of stroke, heart attack, and other life-threatening complications.

Peripheral artery disease (PAD)

PAD occurs when plaque builds in the blood vessels that carry oxygen-rich blood away from the heart to the limbs and other organs. As plaque builds, the blood vessels narrow, which increases your risk of gangrene, nonhealing ulcers, and leg pain.

Hypertension (high blood pressure)

Hypertension is the force of blood against the walls of your blood vessels. When your blood pressure is too high, it damages the walls, causing them to become narrow and rigid. Hypertension can restrict healthy blood flow and increase your risk of heart attack, stroke, and other cardiovascular complications.


A stroke can occur if your brain doesn’t receive oxygen-rich blood. Hypertension, CAD, and PAD increase your risk of stroke. While some strokes are mild, others can be life-threatening.

What causes cardiovascular conditions?

Genetics can increase your risk of many cardiovascular conditions. If your parent or close relative has cardiovascular disease, you’re more likely to develop one. However, many lifestyle factors can also lead to cardiovascular conditions, such as:


  • A high-sodium, high-fat diet
  • A diet low in leafy greens and lean protein
  • A sedentary lifestyle
  • Smoking cigarettes
  • Drinking alcohol

Being overweight significantly increases your risk of cardiovascular disease. 

What are the treatments for cardiovascular conditions?

Cardiovascular conditions are often manageable with diet and lifestyle modifications. Depending on the severity of your condition, Dr. Lopez may recommend:

  • Following a heart-healthy diet
  • Limiting your alcohol consumption
  • Reducing your sodium intake
  • Exercising more frequently
  • Reducing your stress levels
  • Taking medications
  • Getting help for addiction disorders

If you have symptoms of cardiovascular disease, don’t hesitate to reach out to Dr. Lopez. Call Fernando Lopez Ivern MD today or schedule an appointment online to learn more.